Bees land like spacecraft

Now this is something I found pretty interesting; biologists found out that bees use a time-to-contact strategy when planning their landing. ESA’s Advanced Concept Team already summed up all relevant information, so I’ll give just the appropriate citations for further reading. Bonus: ACT implemented this strategy in a Parrot AR drone!

References:

  1. “ACT / ESA – News – Biologists Find Bees Land like Spacecraft.” Accessed May 29, 2014. http://www.esa.int/gsp/ACT/news/archive/68_nov_2013_ttc.html.
  2. Baird, E., N. Boeddeker, M. R. Ibbotson, and M. V. Srinivasan. “A Universal Strategy for Visually Guided Landing.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110, no. 46 (November 12, 2013): 18686–91. doi:10.1073/pnas.1314311110.
  3. Izzo, Dario, and Guido De Croon. “Landing with Time-to-Contact and Ventral Optic Flow Estimates.” Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics 35, no. 4 (July 2012): 1362–67. doi:10.2514/1.56598.
  4. Visual Landing on a Planetary System, 2012. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mKgqe0k_Hy8&feature=youtube_gdata_player.

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